The Christian Bible is a collection of 66 books written by various authors. Thomas Nelson, Nashville, 2006 and 2007. ", Pope Urban II, in one of history's most powerful speeches, launched 200 years of the Crusades at the Council of Clermont, France on November 27, 1095 with this impassioned plea. Donatists, such as Petilian, rejected this idea and believed only that the church could consist only of saints not sinners. He was born in Tagaste, near Hippo, in north Africa. The first Mass of Thanksgiving on North American soil was actually celebrated by the Spanish with the Timucuan Indians from Seloy village in attendance on September 8, 1565 in St. Augustine, Florida. Monasticism began in the East and spread throughout Europe and saved European civilization. The Eastern Christian Churches are characterized by a rich heritage with Apostolic origin, and are treasured by the universal Church, for the East was the home of Jesus Christ our Redeemer! The preservation of culture and the conversion of the barbarians to Christianity was left to an unlikely group: the monastics of Europe. Five centers of Christianity within the Roman Empire - Jerusalem, Antioch, Alexandria, Byzantium, and Rome - evolved into Patriarchates after Constantine recognized Christianity in the Edict of Milan in 313. AA Knopf, New York, 1994. The term catholic originally meant the universal church as distinct from local congregations, but it came to imply the church of Rome. His study of Scripture, particularly St. Paul in his Letter to the Romans, led him to believe that salvation was obtained through justification by faith alone. Simon & Schuster, New York, 1988. Harper and Brothers, New York, 1955. with the assurance of the imperishable glory of the Kingdom of Heaven! Charismatic renewal in the Holy Spirit was emphasized in the Holiness revival among the Methodists and led to the Pentecostal movement of Charles Fox Parham at Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas in 1901 and William Seymour and the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles in 1906. This of course attacks the Redemption of man by Christ! Christians believe God sent his son Jesus, the messiah, to save the world. How could the Revolutionary War be fought for freedom without granting freedom to all? In his classic The History of the Negro Church, Carter G. Woodson traces the influence of the black church in America from colonial times through the early years of the twentieth century. The Christian view of history is a vision and interpretation of time in terms of eternity and of human events in the light of divine revelation. His public ministry lasted about three years Jesus taught transformation of the inner person. He had men and women who lived the Way thrown into prison. The Shape of Catholic Theology. Christians contend that Jesus will return to earth again in what’s known as the Second Coming. Oppression by the Nazis and Communists forged his dedication to freedom and human rights. A History of Medieval Spain. Harvard Divinity School. Jesus, the Apostles, and the Early Church. During this time, there were several groups of Christians with different ideas about how to interpret scripture and the role of the church. The Church of God began on August 19, 1886, in Monroe County, Tennessee, near the North Carolina border. The Christian view of history is … rooted in the centrality of the Incarnation of Jesus Christ. Pope Leo met Attila, who decided to call off the invasion! Vatican II led to the creation of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, first published in 1992 and updated in 2000. During his three pilgrimages to Poland, his repeated call for freedom and spiritual renewal was the turning-point that ultimately led to the non-violent collapse of Communism, symbolized by the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9, 1989. The March on Washington, D. C. on August 28, 1963 brought people from all over the nation. Question whether lapsi/traditores were allowed back into the Church, Some African Churches, championed by Augustine, believed lapsi were allowed back into fellowship since they believed the pureness and validity of the church     depended upon the person of Jesus Christ. Christianity remain undivided until mankind sought to define the hidden nature of God and the mystery of Christ. In his 2000 visit to Jerusalem, the Pope asked God forgiveness for the sins of the Catholic Church. Dualistic religious heresy – matter seen as inherently evil, Salvation through knowledge (gnosis) (Latin scientia) (English knowledge). Augustine was people-oriented and preached every day. This gathering of the Apostles became known as the Council of Jerusalem, and set the pattern of future Councils to resolve issues that arose within the Church. In 66 AD Zealot Jews attempt to throw off Roman rule. Eusebius of Caesarea in his Ecclesiastical History reported that King Abgar of Edessa was afflicted with illness and contacted Jesus in the hope of a cure. The Council of Ephesus, the Third Ecumenical Council, in 431 recognized Mary as the Mother of God, which was intrinsic to the human nature (ϕύσις - physis = nature) of Christ. Reverend Martin Luther King Jr., the young and eloquent pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, was elected President of the Montgomery Improvement Association, which had begun the Montgomery Bus boycott. Roger Williams established a Church for the Baptists in Providence, Rhode Island in 1638. Harvard Divinity School. The major thrust at reform was the Council of Trent, begun by Pope Paul III in December 1545.

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