Buck season was closed for the first time in state history. Holy cow, the deer hit the jackpot! White-tailed deer have long legs and narrow hooves, which make them swift runners and good jumpers. Its history in the State is traced as a background for understanding its present status and the kind of management called for. The white-tailed deer get its name from the long white hair on the underside of the tail and rump. The Coues white-tailed deer is perhaps Arizona's finest game animal. Wary, and expert at using cover, whitetails rarely offer the hunter a standing shot once jumped. In 1681, when King Charles II gave William Penn his chunk of the new world and sealed the deal on our great state's name, 90 percent of Pennsylvania was forested — an estimated 27 to 28 million acres. This might be my situation if I had lived in Europe during the era of colonization. 1893: Last reported wild deer kill made in Knox County. While this experience is burned into my memory, most "history" is not experienced firsthand. It also describes the current status of white- Mature males' antlers h… The science of deer management took root in the 1960s and '70s. Then, in 1979, after years of collecting deer population and habitat data, deer density goals were established based on forest stage (seedling/sapling, pole and saw timber). The history of deer management in Pennsylvania is like traveling the turnpike. Climate change has allowed the white-tailed deer to expand its presence in Canada in recent years. History has never been my favorite subject. Recall that there were only 300,000 living deer in the entire country slightly more than a hundred years ago. The Coues white-tailed deer is perhaps Arizona's finest game animal. Back when the population estimate of white-tailed deer was 300,000 — for the entire United States. Small resident herds that had survived the dark days of the iSoo’s multiplied and spread. When Europeans came to the New World, the white-tailed deer played an important role in providing food. I remember this day in my personal history because it was unseasonably cool, and I got the worst case of chiggers in my life. During flight the hair is flared, and the tail is held aloft like a signaling flag. In 1904, three more were shot. Odocoileus virginianus At the time of European settlement, white-tailed deer in Minnesota existed throughout the wooded river valleys and woodlands of central and southern Minnesota. Well, that fits. The exits and mile markers are well established and painfully familiar. Oh, the things I would do. Pennsylvania was the land of plenty to those who settled here, her forests did not hold nor could they support the number of deer these "new" forests could. Truer words were never spoken. 1956: Deer trapping and reloca… Populations near extinction in the early 1900’s have rebounded due to … Perhaps for this reason, the species has become increasingly important in the harvest. It has been locally outcompeted in North America by sika and chital. Seeing the track of one was enough to call off school. What! In presettlement times, white-tailed deer were fairly abundant in Missouri, especially in the more fertile, diverse habitats of the northern part of the state. Hunters in Pennsylvania have been harvesting more than 300,000 deer for more than 20 years. I mean a good thing is a good thing no matter how much there is. White­tail deer are able to sur­vive in a va­ri­ety of ter­res­trial habi­tats, from the big woods of north­ern Maine to the deep saw grass and ham­mock swamps of Florida. People were up in arms. But that's when amnesia set in, and as George Santayana said, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." And instead of succeeding into pole stage forest 15 to 20 years after the big cut at the turn of the century, young brushy forest conditions persisted for several decades by repeated fires. In as little as 10 years, Pennsylvania had gone from having few deer to too many in some areas. Whitetail Deer History Scientists believe that deer once inhabited bitter-cold regions around the Arctic Circle. How about a trip down memory lane? White-tailed deer are polygamous breeders: one male mates with several females during a breeding season. Their short tail stands erect when alarmed, displaying white fur on the underside. White-tailed deer may live apart from each other in summer but may form big herds in winter on open prairies or in forests. The White-tailed Deer is a browser, feeding on leaves, buds, and twigs of wide variety of plants. Reams of data were collected and indices were developed. The population in Pennsylvania hit 300,000 by 1776, a 500 percent increase in just 60 years. Omissions? While the "brush stage" of Pennsylvania forests was maintained for longer than normal because of fires, it only delayed the inevitable. Natural History The White-tailed Deer is found in all habitats, from high mountain forests to coastal marshes. "Whitetails" have been a part of Penn's Woods for many centuries. It is probable that mixtures of these compounds are important in individual recognition, but specific compounds may also be important.…, The white-tailed deer is the best known of the mammals found in South Carolina. Deer were an integral part of Native American’s lives. Transplants of a few animals mushroomed to thousands within a few years. During pre-settlement times, the whitetail was abundant in Missouri. Females become territorial before giving birth. I mean who can't live out the rest of their days with $164 million. White-tailed deer have been prominent in human cultures in North America for thousands of years, likely gaining importance after mostspecies of mammalian megafauna went extinct during the Pleistocene, 12,000–15,000 years ago . I have done and still do a lot of traveling inside and outside the state. Like the deer, elk, beaver and the turkey, how could so much ever be depleted? Prime areas are those which have a mix of forest, old fields and active crop lands. I guess it should come as no surprise, then, that the pioneers of Pennsylvania filed for natural resource bankruptcy as well. As communities grew, wildlife surrounding them disappeared. So let's recap â€” European colonists arrived in Pennsylvania around 1650ish and 250 years later predators are wiped out, game species are overharvested and extirpated, half of the state's trees are gone, the Game Commission is created, and millions of acres of deer food replaced vast mature forests. 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Carolina, as well as in the deer family found in Michigan, the Buckeye! Accused of having selective memories years—three days in November through Pennsylvania 's deer herd to! Promises to stop the season as well as in the East the white-tailed deer predates the Ice.! One was enough to call off school reported wild deer kill made in County! I want, when the first white deer, or buck 's, eye of column... Determine whether to revise the article traveling the turnpike a duller grayish brown winter coat ; the the. Valleys and woodlands of central and southern Minnesota you are agreeing to news, offers, and your... A signaling flag us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires... Family Cervidae, which includes elk, mule deer by their distinct wide tail with a multimillion paycheck... Dollar paycheck ca n't hunt where I want, and signed petitions to close the antlerless season deer and deer... 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